TMJ Headache: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

tmj headache

Have you ever experienced a headache that seems to come from your jaw? If so, you may have a TMJ headache. TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint, which is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is misaligned or damaged, it can cause pain and discomfort in your head, neck, and jaw.

In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of TMJ headache, as well as ways to prevent it from occurring.

Causes of TMJ Headache

There are several potential causes of TMJ headache, including:

  1. Bruxism: This is the medical term for teeth grinding or clenching. Bruxism can put pressure on the TMJ and cause headaches.
  2. Arthritis: Arthritis can cause inflammation and damage to the TMJ, leading to pain and discomfort.
  3. Trauma: A blow to the head or jaw can cause TMJ pain and headaches.
  4. Misalignment: If the TMJ is not aligned properly, it can cause pain and headaches.

Symptoms of TMJ Headache

The symptoms of TMJ headache can vary, but some common ones include:

  1. Pain or tenderness in the jaw joint or muscles
  2. Pain or discomfort in the neck, shoulders, or ears
  3. Aching headache, especially around the temples or behind the eyes
  4. Clicking or popping sound when opening or closing the mouth
  5. Difficulty opening or closing the mouth
  6. Lockjaw (inability to open the mouth)
  7. Toothache or sensitivity

Treatment of TMJ Headache

The treatment of TMJ headache will depend on the severity and cause of the condition. Here are some possible treatment options:

  1. Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  2. Hot or cold compress: Applying a hot or cold compress to the affected area can help relieve pain and relax the muscles.
  3. Bite guard: A bite guard is a custom-made device that fits over your teeth and can help prevent teeth grinding and clenching.
  4. Physical therapy: Certain exercises and techniques can help relieve TMJ pain and improve joint function.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the TMJ.

Prevention of TMJ Headache

There are several ways to prevent TMJ headache, including:

  1. Avoid chewing gum or hard foods: Chewing gum or hard foods can put stress on the TMJ and cause pain.
  2. Practice relaxation techniques: Stress can cause teeth grinding and clenching, so practicing relaxation techniques like meditation or deep breathing can help prevent TMJ headache.
  3. Maintain good posture: Poor posture can put strain on the neck and shoulders, which can contribute to TMJ headache.
  4. Stretch regularly: Stretching the jaw muscles can help prevent TMJ headache.


TMJ headache can be a painful and uncomfortable condition, but there are ways to manage and prevent it. If you experience symptoms of TMJ headache, talk to your dentist or doctor. They can help determine the cause of your pain and recommend appropriate treatment options. Remember to take care of your jaw and avoid habits that can cause TMJ pain, such as teeth grinding or clenching. With the right care and attention, you can reduce your risk of TMJ headache and enjoy a pain-free life.

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